Gymnastics is seen as a series of exact physical exercises that are intended to shape and establish physical fitness. This includes stamina, balance, strength, and coordination. At the moment, gymnastics includes the following sports discipline such as artistic gymnastics, rhythmic gymnastics, and the trampoline. Being a sport that requires the gymnast to be the embodiment of physical fitness, the athletic stresses upon a gymnast are huge.
Strength to Weight Ratio
One of the most important requirements upon an athlete is their strength to weight ratio. This is a key factor in this sport and currently, there are no other sports that have this requirement. All the gymnastic disciplines require concentrated training to achieve coordinated and elegant movements. In general, a gymnast requires muscle strength and lean muscle mass strength combined with the lowest possible body mass to ensure more vibrant and dominant movements. A great strength to weight ratio allows a gymnast to ensure there is balance over their entire body.
Due to strict athletic requirements, gymnasts are usually short, slim and muscular people. Their structures have fast twitch muscle fibers that allow them to react fast and with powerful movements that are necessary in a gymnastic routine. For example, when they run up for the vault or when the floor exercises in an artistic gymnastics routine.
Core Body Strength
Core body strength to a gymnast as it allows a seamless and harmonized action between all the muscles. The abdominal, groin, lumbar and gluteal muscles of the body to produce the stable and strong positions that a gymnast requires to perform well during a gymnastic routine. This core strength comes from vigorous exercise that the gymnast completes every day together with the training on their routine.
Gymnasts require excellent balance on the floor and in the air. When a gymnast performs they strive to be perfect in their routine and movements. They need to calculate every single move that they make, where they will land and what step will need to be taken to move into the next movement. They have to be in control of their entire bodies and this means their balance.
Gymnasts require flexibility which means they have an optimal range of motion in the joints. This creates flexible movements and most importantly protects them from specific injuries resulting from the repeated requirement of routines that is the nature of the sport. Exceptional flexibility is key in order to produce movements that are required for the routines that must be performed precisely. This is done to achieve the best of points during a gymnastic routine. For example, the ability to stretch over 180 degrees in a leg split.
Dedicating time to this sport means many long hours of training every single day. Training comes in the form of exercise, eating right and practicing the routine the gymnasts wants to showcase. Some gymnasts spend more than 30 hours a week training in this sport.To be the best gymnast, it is significant to have the following requirements; endurance, flexibility, strength, skill, cardiorespiratory conditioning and coordination.